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Bowling for fascism: social capital and the rise of the Nazi Party

Shanker Satyanath, Nico Voigtländer () and Hans-Joachim Voth

No 147, ECON - Working Papers from Department of Economics - University of Zurich

Abstract: Social capital is often associated with desirable political and economic outcomes. This paper contributes to a growing literature on its "dark side". We examine the role of social capital in the downfall of democracy in interwar Germany. We analyze Nazi Party entry in a cross-section of cities, and show that dense networks of civic associations such as bowling clubs, choirs, and animal breeders went hand-in-hand with a rapid rise of the Nazi Party. Towns with one standard deviation higher association density saw at least one-third faster entry. All types of associations – veteran associations and non-military clubs, “bridging” and “bonding” associations – positively predict NS Party entry. Party membership, in turn, predicts electoral success. These results suggest that social capital aided the rise of the Nazi movement that ultimately destroyed Germany’s first democracy. We also show that the effects of social capital were more important in the starting phase of the Nazi movement, and in towns less sympathetic to its message.

Keywords: Social capital; democracy; institutions; associations; networks (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 N34 N44 P16 Z10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-his, nep-pol and nep-soc
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Related works:
Journal Article: Bowling for Fascism: Social Capital and the Rise of the Nazi Party (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Bowling for fascism: social capital and the rise of the Nazi Party (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Bowling for Fascism: Social Capital and the Rise of the Nazi Party (2013) Downloads
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