Leverage and covariance matrix estimation in finite-sample IV regressions
Andreas Steinhauer () and
No 521, IEW - Working Papers from Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich
This paper develops basic algebraic concepts for instrumental variables (IV) regressions which are used to derive the leverage and influence of observations on the 2SLS estimate and compute alternative heteroskedasticity-consistent (HC1, HC2 and HC3) estimators for the 2SLS covariance matrix in a finite-sample context. Monte Carlo simulations and applications to growth regressions are used to evaluate the performance of these estimators. The results support the use of HC3 instead of White’s robust standard errors in small and unbalanced data sets. The leverage and influence of observations can be examined with the various measures derived in the paper.
Keywords: Two stage least squares; leverage; influence; heteroskedasticity-consistent covariance matrix estimation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C12 C26 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zur:iewwpx:521
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