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Alcohol-Related Motor Vehicle Crash Risk and the Location of Alcohol Purchase

Chad Cotti, Richard Dunn and Nathan Tefft

No 23, Working Papers from University of Connecticut, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Charles J. Zwick Center for Food and Resource Policy

Abstract: In this study, we examine how the probability of driving after a binge - drinking episode varies with the location of consumption and type of alcohol consumed. We also investigate the relationship between the location of alcohol purchase and the number of alcohol-related fatal motor vehicle crashes. We find that binge-drinkers are significantly more likely to drive after consuming alcohol at establishments that sell alcohol for on-premises consumption, e.g., from bars or restaurants, particularly after drinking beer. Further, per capita sales of alcohol for off-premises consumption are unrelated to the rate of alcohol- related fatal motor ve hicle crashes . When disaggregating alcohol types, per capita sales of beer for off - premises consumption are negatively associated with the rate of alcohol-related fatal motor vehicle crashes. In contrast, total per capita sales of alcohol from all establishments (on- and off-premises) are positively related to the rate of alcohol-related fatal motor vehicle crashes and the magnitude of this relationship is strongest for beer sales. Thus, policies that shift consumption away from bars and restaurants could lead to a decline in the number of motor vehicle crashes.

Keywords: Alcohol Drinking; Motor Vehicles; Economics; Taxes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 34 pages
Date: 2013-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea and nep-tre
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