Affirmative action or just discrimination? A study on the endogenous emergence of quotas
Loukas Balafoutas (),
Brent Davis () and
Matthias Sutter ()
Working Papers from Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck
Affirmative action rules are often implemented to promote women on labor markets. Little is known, however, about how and whether such rules emerge endogenously in groups of potentially affected subjects. We experimentally investigate whether subjects vote for affirmative action rules, against, or abstain. If approved by the vote, a quota rule is implemented that favors women in one treatment, but members of an artificially created group based on random color assignment in another treatment. We find that quota rules based on gender are implemented frequently and do not affect the performance of men and women in a contest. Quota rules based on an arbitrary criterion, however, are less often approved and lead to strong individual reactions of advantaged and disadvantaged group members and to efficiency losses. These results show that the effects of affirmative action policies largely depend on whether these policies are viewed favorably within the affected groups.
Keywords: Affirmative action; competition; discrimination; experiment; voting (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C91 C92 D03 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm and nep-exp
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Journal Article: Affirmative action or just discrimination? A study on the endogenous emergence of quotas (2016)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:inn:wpaper:2016-10
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers from Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck Contact information at EDIRC.
Series data maintained by Janette Walde ().