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Avaliação de métodos de exigência de capital para risco de ações no Brasil

Gustavo Araujo (), João Maurício de Souza Moreira and Ricardo dos Santos Maia Clemente

RAC - Revista de Administração Contemporânea (Journal of Contemporary Administration), 2005, vol. 9, issue 2, 121-144

Abstract: This paper analyses four methods of calculating capital requirements for coverage of market risk due to exposure in stocks and their derivatives, except options. For simulation purposes, two theoretical portfolios are created with assets that participate in the composition of Ibovespa. The methods evaluated follow the directives of the Basel Committee. The first is based on the standardized approach and the others, on the internal models approach based on the Value-at-Risk (VaR) concept. The VaR methods evaluated are historical, Diagonal and the RiskmetricsTMapproach. The backtesting of the methods follows the methodology suggested by the Committee. Additionally, for the methods based on VaR, it is applied the Kupiec test for proportion of failures. The relevance of the difference between the capital required and the verified losses is also considered. Although the historical method presents the best VaR performance, the best results with respect to the capital requirements belong to the RiskmetricsTMapproach.

Date: 2005
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