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Evgeny V. Popov (), Konstantin A. Semyachkov () and Viktoriya I. Simonova ()

Economics of Contemporary Russia

Abstract: The modern world economic system passes from production, industrial to a post-industrial method. Such changes mark formation of new technological way with the leading branches focused on high technologies. The capability of economic agents to integration and coordination of collateral actions for decrease in level of uncertainty, an effective exchange of resources, information as bases for implementation of technological, product, organizational improvements becomes a fundamental factor of competitiveness across the nation. In such conditions traditional forms of the organization are replaced with network forms as the most effective and adaptive. Development of the intercompany relations, increase in number and a variety of forms of the network organizations cause the necessity of search and an assessment of the factors influencing this process. The most important form of the network organization of business is industrial clusters. Their forming is connected with processes of integration of production and other organizations within the single territory for receipt of effective industrial structure of economy. Production enterprises and other organizations, joint in cluster, hold a steady position in the conditions of volatile market conditions at the expense of flexible cluster structure, synergy effect, economy on transactional expenses, to effective knowledge sharing and information. In article conditions of forming and effective functioning of cluster structures are considered. The special attention is paid to external factors of successful development, forming of the framework conditions of development of clusters. On the basis of data of the international statistics on development of cluster designs in the different countries of the world and using tools of statistical investigations, dependence between development of cluster designs and the external conditions promoting it a row is shown. On the basis of the received results recommendations about development of clusters are made.

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