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Fidelity Networks and Long-Run Trends in HIV/AIDS Gender Gaps

Roland Pongou () and Roberto Serrano ()

American Economic Review, 2013, vol. 103, issue 3, 298-302

Abstract: More than half of the HIV/AIDS-infected population today are women. We study a dynamic model of (in)fidelity, which explains the HIV/AIDS gender gap by the configuration of sexual networks. Each individual desires sexual relationships with opposite sex individuals. Two Markov matching processes are defined, each corresponding to a different culture of gender relations. The first process leads to egalitarian pairwise stable networks in the long run, and HIV/AIDS is equally prevalent among men and women. The second process leads to anti-egalitarian pairwise stable networks reflecting male domination, and women bear a greater burden. The results are consistent with empirical observations.

JEL-codes: I12 J16 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.298
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Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:103:y:2013:i:3:p:298-302