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Fidelity Networks and Long-Run Trends in HIV/AIDS Gender Gaps

Roland Pongou () and Roberto Serrano ()

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: More than half of the HIV/AIDS-infected population today are women. We study a dynamic model of (in)fidelity, which explains the HIV/AIDS gender gap by the configuration of sexual networks. Each individual desires sexual relationships with opposite sex individuals. Two Markov matching processes are defined, each corresponding to a different culture of gender relations. The first process leads to egalitarian pairwise stable networks in the long run, and HIV/AIDS is equally prevalent among men and women. The second process leads to anti-egalitarian pairwise stable networks reflecting male domination, and women bear a greater burden. The results are consistent with empirical observations.

Keywords: Fidelity networks; contagion index; HIV/AIDS; gender gap (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: A1 A10 A13 C7 C73 C78 I1 I12 J1 J16 O1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013-01-13, Revised 2014-09-30
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea and nep-hme
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Published in American Economic Review 103.3(2013): pp. 298-302

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Journal Article: Fidelity Networks and Long-Run Trends in HIV/AIDS Gender Gaps (2013) Downloads
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