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No Gender Difference in Willingness to Compete When Competing against Self

Coren L. Apicella, Elif E. Demiral and Johanna Mollerstrom

American Economic Review, 2017, vol. 107, issue 5, 136-40

Abstract: We report on two experiments investigating whether there is a gender difference in the willingness to compete against oneself (self-competition), similar to what is found when competing against others (other-competition). In one laboratory and one online market experiment, involving a total of 1,200 participants, we replicate the gender-gap in willingness to other-compete but find no evidence of a gender difference in the willingness to self-compete. We explore the roles of risk and confidence and suggest that these factors can account for the different findings. Finally, we document that self-competition does no worse than other-competition in terms of performance boosting.

JEL-codes: D12 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.p20171019
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