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No Gender Difference in Willingness to Compete When Competing against Self

Coren L. Apicella, Elif Demiral and Johanna Mollerstrom

No 1638, Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin from DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research

Abstract: We report on two experiments investigating whether there is a gender difference in thewillingness to compete against oneself (self-competition), similar to what is found whencompeting against others (other-competition). In one laboratory and one online marketexperiment, involving a total of 1,200 participants, we replicate the gender-gap inwillingness to other-compete but find no evidence of a gender difference in the willingnessto self-compete. We explore the roles of risk and confidence and suggest that these factors can account for the different findings. Finally, we document that self-competition does noworse than other-competition in terms of performance boosting.

Keywords: gender; competition; discrimination; experiment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C90 C91 J16 J71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 35 p.
Date: 2017
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-exp, nep-gen and nep-neu
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (56)

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