Police Officer on the Frontline or a Soldier? The Effect of Police Militarization on Crime
Vincenzo Bove and
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2017, vol. 9, issue 3, 1-18
Sparked by high-profile confrontations between police and citizens in Ferguson, Missouri, and elsewhere, many commentators have criticized the excessive militarization of law enforcement. We investigate whether surplus military-grade equipment acquired by local police departments from the Pentagon has an effect on crime rates. We use temporal variations in US military expenditure and between-counties variation in the odds of receiving a positive amount of military aid to identify the causal effect of militarized policing on crime. We find that (i) military aid reduces street-level crime; (ii) the program is cost-effective; and (iii) there is evidence in favor of a deterrence mechanism.
JEL-codes: H56 H76 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Note: DOI: 10.1257/pol.20150478
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (16) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://www.aeaweb.org/articles/attachments?retrie ... nji3V8EW1DVzuZr5gD4T (application/zip)
https://www.aeaweb.org/articles/attachments?retrie ... 6fI3ER6GzuFSRjBVsdsQ (application/pdf)
https://www.aeaweb.org/articles/attachments?retrie ... fraVVLYlZ8N9o96LqgH6 (application/zip)
Access to full text is restricted to AEA members and institutional subscribers.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aea:aejpol:v:9:y:2017:i:3:p:1-18
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy is currently edited by Matthew Shapiro
More articles in American Economic Journal: Economic Policy from American Economic Association Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Michael P. Albert ().