Street Prostitution Zones and Crime
Stephen Kastoryano () and
Bas van der Klaauw
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2017, vol. 9, issue 4, 28-63
This paper studies the effects of legal street prostitution zones on registered and perceived crime. We exploit a unique setting in the Netherlands where these tippelzones were opened in nine cities under different regulation systems. Our difference-in-difference analysis of 25 Dutch cities between 1994-2011 shows that opening a tippelzone decreases registered sexual abuse and rape by about 30-40 percent in the first two years. For cities which enforced licensing in tippelzones, we also find reductions in drug-related crime and long-term effects on sexual assaults. Effects on perceived drug nuisance depend on the regulation system and the proximity of respondents to the tippelzone.
JEL-codes: J16 J47 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Note: DOI: 10.1257/pol.20150299
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Working Paper: Street Prostitution Zones and Crime (2015)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aea:aejpol:v:9:y:2017:i:4:p:28-63
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