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Street Prostitution Zones and Crime

Paul Bisschop, Stephen Kastoryano () and Bas van der Klaauw

American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2017, vol. 9, issue 4, 28-63

Abstract: This paper studies the effects of legal street prostitution zones on registered and perceived crime. We exploit a unique setting in the Netherlands where these tippelzones were opened in nine cities under different regulation systems. Our difference-in-difference analysis of 25 Dutch cities between 1994-2011 shows that opening a tippelzone decreases registered sexual abuse and rape by about 30-40 percent in the first two years. For cities which enforced licensing in tippelzones, we also find reductions in drug-related crime and long-term effects on sexual assaults. Effects on perceived drug nuisance depend on the regulation system and the proximity of respondents to the tippelzone.

JEL-codes: J16 J47 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
Note: DOI: 10.1257/pol.20150299
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Working Paper: Street Prostitution Zones and Crime (2015) Downloads
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