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Modeling Automation

Daron Acemoglu and Pascual Restrepo ()

AEA Papers and Proceedings, 2018, vol. 108, 48-53

Abstract: Modeling automation as factor-augmenting technological change has unappealing implications. Instead, modeling it as the process of machines replacing tasks previously performed by labor is both descriptively realistic and leads to distinct and plausible predictions. In contrast to factor-augmenting technological change, the automation of tasks always reduces the labor share and can reduce the equilibrium wage (for realistic parameter values). This approach to automation underscores the role of new tasks, changes in the comparative advantage of labor, the possibility that machines become more productive in automated tasks, and the elasticity of substitution and capital accumulation in the adjustment of the economy.

JEL-codes: D33 J24 J31 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
Note: DOI: 10.1257/pandp.20181020
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