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Household Energy Demand and the Equity and Efficiency Aspects of Subsidy Reform in Indonesia

Susan Olivia and John Gibson ()

The Energy Journal, 2008, vol. Volume 29, issue Number 1, 21-40

Abstract: The proper design of price interventions in energy markets requires consideration of equity and efficiency effects. In this paper, budget survey data from 29,000 Indonesian households are used to estimate a demand system for five energy sources, which is identified by the spatial variation in unit values (expenditures divided by quantities). We correct for the various quality and measurement error biases that result when unit values are used as proxies for market prices. The price elasticities are combined with tax and subsidy rates to calculate the marginal social cost of price changes for each item. The results suggest that even with high levels of inequality aversion there is a case for reducing the large subsidies on kerosene in Indonesia, supporting the reforms that have been announced recently.

JEL-codes: F0 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008
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Related works:
Working Paper: Household Energy Demand and the Equity and Efficiency Aspects of Subsidy Reform in Indonesia (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Household Energy Demand and the Equity and Efficiency Aspects of Subsidy Reform in Indonesia (2006) Downloads
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