Financial development, trade openness and economic growth in MENA countries: TYDL panel causality approach
Hicham Ayad () and
Mostefa Belmokaddem ()
Theoretical and Applied Economics, 2017, vol. XXIV, issue 1(610), Spring, 233-246
This paper examines the causal relationship between financial development (measured as Kaopen index and Line and Milesi-Ferreti index), trade openness and economic growth for 16 MENA countries within the panel co-integration techniques, panel VAR model and TYDL (Toda, Yamamoto, Dolado and Lutkepohl) Granger causality (1996), the empirical results show that both of finance-led growth and trade-led growth hypothesis seem to be rejected for the group as a whole. The results imply that financial development and trade liberalization do not seem to have made a significant impulse on economic growth for the period 1980-2014.
Keywords: Financial development; Trade openness; Kaopen index; Milesi-Ferreti index; TYDL Granger causality. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:agr:journl:v:xxiv:y:2017:i:1(610):p:233-246
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