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Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures in agri-food imports from the European Union: Reputation effects over time

Ibtissem Taghouti, Martinez-Gomez, Victor and Luisa Marti

Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, 2017, vol. 16, issue 02

Abstract: [EN]The EU’s Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed provides information on sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) notifications. With a set of data from the 1998-2013 period, we test the hypothesis that past notifications can determine current notifications. This is the “reputation effect”, meaning that inspectors may tend to target products or countries with previous SPS problems. We analyze the scope of the reputation effect over time. We used two count data models to estimate the distribution of current no-tifications. In line with previous literature, our findings indicate that reputation does affect current EU no-tifications. Furthermore, we identify some relevant exporter countries for which reputation is long-lasting. [ES]El sistema de alerta rápida para alimentos de la UE informa sobre notificaciones sanitarias y fitosanitarias. Con datos del periodo 1998-2013, se comprueba la hipótesis de si notificaciones pasadas afectan a las notificaciones presentes. Se trata del efecto reputación, que implica que los inspectores pue-den dirigir sus inspecciones a productos o países que hayan tenido previamente problemas sanitarios y fi-tosanitarios; también se analiza el alcance temporal de la reputación. Se utilizan dos modelos de recuento para estimar la distribución de las notificaciones actuales. Los resultados muestran que la reputación in-fluye en las notificaciones actuales de la UE. Además, se identifican varios exportadores relevantes para los que la reputación tiene un efecto duradero.

Keywords: Food; Security; and; Poverty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.251969

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