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Exploring variability across cooperatives: economic performance of agricultural cooperatives in northern Ethiopia

Kifle T. Sebhatu, Tafesse W. Gezahegn, Tekeste Berhanu, Miet Maertens, Steven Van Passel and Marijke D'Haese

International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 2021, vol. 24, issue 3

Abstract: The number of agricultural cooperatives increased quickly in Ethiopia since the 1990s. While many papers studied the impact of membership of Ethiopian cooperatives, not much is known on their performance. This study takes a cooperative-level perspective which is unique in an African context. It compares the economic performance proxied by sales revenue and profit of a wide range of agricultural cooperatives in northern Ethiopia. Data were collected from 511 agricultural cooperatives in 12 districts of Tigray. The contributing factors of the performance are analyzed with Ordinary Least Squares regression (OLS) and Heckman selection models. Our results underscore the importance of membership size, total assets, presence of conflict among members, and union membership. Chairperson characteristics and the internal organization of a cooperative seem to be less correlated to performance.

Keywords: Agribusiness; International Development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.316286

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