Differential HIV risk for racial/ethnic minority trans∗female youths and socioeconomic disparities in housing, residential stability, and education
H.F. Raymond and
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Manfred M. Fischer
American Journal of Public Health, 2015, vol. 105, e41-e47
Objectives. We examined HIV prevalence and risk behaviors of 282 trans∗female youths aged 16 to 24 years participating in the San Francisco Bay Area, California, SHINE study from 2012 to 2013 to determine differences between racial/ethnic minority and White youths. Methods. We conducted the χ2 test to determine distributional differences between racial/ethnic minority and White participants in sociodemographic factors, HIV-related risk behaviors, and syndemic factors. Results. Of the trans∗female youths, 4.8% were HIV positive. Racial/ethnic minority and White trans∗female youths differed significantly in gender identity and sexual orientation. Racial/ethnic minority youths also had significantly lower educational attainment, were less likely to have lived with their parents of origin as a child, and were significantly more likely to engage in recent condomless anal intercourse than were Whites. Conclusions. Efforts to assess the impact of multiple-minority stress on racial/ minority trans∗female youths are needed imminently, and prevention efforts must addressmacrolevel disparities for trans∗female youths, especially those from racial/ethnic minority groups, to reduce these disparities and prevent incident cases of HIV.
Keywords: adolescent; adult; ancestry group; demography; educational status; ethnology; female; health disparity; HIV Infections; human; information processing; longitudinal study; male; prevalence; socioeconomics; transgender; United States; unsafe sex, Adolescent; Adult; Continental Population Groups; Educational Status; Female; Focus Groups; Health Status Disparities; HIV Infections; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Prevalence; Residence Characteristics; San Francisco; Socioeconomic Factors; Transgender Persons; Unsafe Sex (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aph:ajpbhl:10.2105/ajph.2014.302443_6
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