EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Differential HIV risk for racial/ethnic minority trans∗female youths and socioeconomic disparities in housing, residential stability, and education

E.C. Wilson, Y.-H. Chen, S. Arayasirikul, M. Fisher, W.A. Pomart, V. Le, H.F. Raymond and W. McFarland
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Manfred M. Fischer

American Journal of Public Health, 2015, vol. 105, e41-e47

Abstract: Objectives. We examined HIV prevalence and risk behaviors of 282 trans∗female youths aged 16 to 24 years participating in the San Francisco Bay Area, California, SHINE study from 2012 to 2013 to determine differences between racial/ethnic minority and White youths. Methods. We conducted the χ2 test to determine distributional differences between racial/ethnic minority and White participants in sociodemographic factors, HIV-related risk behaviors, and syndemic factors. Results. Of the trans∗female youths, 4.8% were HIV positive. Racial/ethnic minority and White trans∗female youths differed significantly in gender identity and sexual orientation. Racial/ethnic minority youths also had significantly lower educational attainment, were less likely to have lived with their parents of origin as a child, and were significantly more likely to engage in recent condomless anal intercourse than were Whites. Conclusions. Efforts to assess the impact of multiple-minority stress on racial/ minority trans∗female youths are needed imminently, and prevention efforts must addressmacrolevel disparities for trans∗female youths, especially those from racial/ethnic minority groups, to reduce these disparities and prevent incident cases of HIV.

Keywords: adolescent; adult; ancestry group; demography; educational status; ethnology; female; health disparity; HIV Infections; human; information processing; longitudinal study; male; prevalence; socioeconomics; transgender; United States; unsafe sex, Adolescent; Adult; Continental Population Groups; Educational Status; Female; Focus Groups; Health Status Disparities; HIV Infections; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Prevalence; Residence Characteristics; San Francisco; Socioeconomic Factors; Transgender Persons; Unsafe Sex (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://hdl.handle.net/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302443

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aph:ajpbhl:10.2105/ajph.2014.302443_6

DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302443

Access Statistics for this article

American Journal of Public Health is currently edited by Alfredo Morabia

More articles in American Journal of Public Health from American Public Health Association
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Christopher F Baum ().

 
Page updated 2019-12-18
Handle: RePEc:aph:ajpbhl:10.2105/ajph.2014.302443_6