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ARE FISCAL DEFICITS INFLATIONARY IN NIGERIA? NEW EVIDENCE FROM BOUNDS TESTING TO COINTEGRATION WITH STRUCTURAL BREAKS

Ismail O. Fasanya, Ayinke Fajobi and Abiodun Adetokunbo

Economic Annals, 2021, vol. 66, issue 228, 123 - 148

Abstract: In this paper, we model the relationship between fiscal deficit and in-flation for Nigeria using annual data from 1980 to 2016. We employ the linear ARDL approach and account for structural breaks using the Bai and Perron (2003) test that allows for multiple structural changes in regression models. The paper finds that the fiscal deficit is a major determinant of inflation along with other macroeconomic factors considered in the study. However, we observe that it may be necessary to pre-test for structural breaks when modelling the relationship between the fiscal deficit and the price level, as it performs better than when structural events are not consid-ered. The results imply that a fiscal man-agement process that does not encourage increased revenue and reduce fiscal deficits will further worsen the level of inflation in the country.

Keywords: fiscal deficit; price level; ARDL cointegration; structural breaks (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C32 E31 E62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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