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The evolution of OTC interest rate derivatives markets

Torsten Ehlers and Bryan Hardy

BIS Quarterly Review, 2019

Abstract: The trading of interest rate derivatives in over-the-counter (OTC) markets more than doubled between 2016 and 2019, significantly outpacing the growth of trading on exchanges. This rapid expansion was driven by three factors. First, non-market facing trades, such as back-to-back deals and compression trades, increased and were more comprehensively reported in the BIS Triennial Survey. Second, technological developments reduced transaction costs in OTC markets and spurred trading, including more trading by investment funds. And third, changing expectations about US short-term interest rates fuelled hedging and speculative activity. In general, structural developments like clearing, compression and automation remade OTC markets so that they more closely resembled exchanges and led to a relative shift in trading from exchanges to OTC markets. Further market changes due to benchmark rate reforms may be on the horizon.

JEL-codes: E43 G15 G18 G21 G23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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