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Do remittances moderate financial development–informality nexus in North Africa?

Selçuk Akçay and Emre Karabulutoğlu

African Development Review, 2021, vol. 33, issue 1, 166-179

Abstract: The prevalent informality and sheer size of international remittances characterize the North African countries. This study primarily aims at investigating how remittances moderate the effects of financial development on the informal economy in North African countries. Employing pool mean group (PMG)/panel ARDL approach and a balanced panel data set over the period 1980–2015, we find that remittances moderate the negative relationship between financial development and informal economy. This finding suggests that remittances bolster financial development, which, in turn, decreases the informal economy. Based on this result, we recommend that tailored policies and interventions are needed to promote financial development and international remittances in the North African region.

Date: 2021
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Handle: RePEc:bla:afrdev:v:33:y:2021:i:1:p:166-179