Why Has Australian Wages Growth Been So Low? A Phillips Curve Perspective
Chew Chua and
Tim Robinson ()
The Economic Record, 2018, vol. 94, issue S1, 11-32
Wages growth in Australia has recently been the lowest in two decades. One possible explanation is a decline in the nonâ€ accelerating inflation rate of unemployment (NAIRU). We examine this hypothesis by estimating a wage Phillips curve including a timeâ€ varying NAIRU. Our findings are: (i) the NAIRU has recently been around 5.5 per cent; (ii) our approach increases the precision of the NAIRU estimates; (iii) low inflation expectations have been an important contributing factor; and (iv) the longâ€ run annual wages growth is nearly 3 per cent. We also find that the underutilisation rate suggests greater slack exists, but is less useful in explaining wage developments.
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