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Combinative Effects of Innovation Types and Organizational Performance: A Longitudinal Study of Service Organizations

Fariborz Damanpour, Richard M. Walker and Claudia N. Avellaneda

Journal of Management Studies, 2009, vol. 46, issue 4, 650-675

Abstract: Innovation research suggests that innovation types have different attributes, determinants, and effects. This study focuses on consequences of adoption of three types of innovation (service, technological process, and administrative process) in service organizations. Its main thesis is that the impact of innovation on organizational performance depends on compositions of innovation types over time. We examine this proposition by analysing innovative activity in a panel of 428 public service organizations in the UK over four years. Our findings suggest that focus on adopting a specific type of innovation every year is detrimental, consistency in adopting the same composition of innovation types over the years has no effect, and divergence from the industry norm in adopting innovation types could possibly be beneficial to organizational performance. We discuss the implications of these findings for theory and research on innovation types.

Date: 2009
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