Employment Deconcentration: A New Perspective on America's Postwar Urban Evolution
Gerald Carlino () and
Satyajit Chatterjee ()
Journal of Regional Science, 2002, vol. 42, issue 3, 445-475
In this study we show that during the postwar era the United States experienced a decline in the share of urban employment accounted for by the relatively dense metropolitan areas and a corresponding rise in the share of relatively less dense ones. This trend, which we call "employment deconcentration", is distinct from the other well-known regional trend, namely, the postwar movement of jobs and people from the frostbelt to the sunbelt. We also show that deconcentration has been accompanied by a similar trend within metropolitan areas, wherein employment share of the more dense sections of MSAs has declined and that of the less dense sections risen. We provide a general equilibrium model with density-driven congestion costs to suggest an explanation for employment deconcentration. Copyright 2002 Blackwell Publishers Inc.
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