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THE CONVERGENCE HYPOTHESIS FOR OECD COUNTRIES RECONSIDERED: PANEL DATA EVIDENCE WITH MULTIPLE BREAKS, 1870–2003*

Diego Romero‐ávila
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Diego Romero-Ávila ()

Manchester School, 2009, vol. 77, issue 4, 552-574

Abstract: In this paper we investigate the existence of stochastic convergence of per capita real output in 19 OECD countries over 1870–2003. For that purpose, we employ panel techniques which incorporate an unknown number of structural breaks along with cross‐dependence. Overall, our analysis provides strong evidence of stochastic convergence over the 20th century. In addition, the examination of time‐series β‐convergence within the different regimes identified renders evidence supporting catching‐up for 16 countries. This implies that, despite a narrowing of the income gap, the convergence process has yet to be completed. Evidence of long‐run convergence is further provided for Finland, France and the USA.

Date: 2009
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https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9957.2009.02109.x

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