The Non‐Observed Economy in Portugal: The monetary model and the MIMIC model
Cláudia Soares and
Metroeconomica, 2019, vol. 70, issue 1, 172-208
This paper offers estimations for the Portuguese path of the Non‐Observed Economy (NOE), in the period 1970–2015, through two seminal approaches: monetary method and the Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes (MIMIC) model. It is observed that the tax burden and social benefits are its main causes. Then, to get a more in‐depth understanding of the phenomenon, it provides a study of the Granger causality between the NOE and the official Gross Domestic Product (GDP), emphasizing the implications of the NOE on the Portuguese economy. Evidence has been found for the existence of bidirectional causality between the NOE and the GDP, suggesting that the formal economy affects the NOE, and conversely that the NOE affects the economic growth.
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bla:metroe:v:70:y:2019:i:1:p:172-208
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.blackwell ... bs.asp?ref=0026-1386
Access Statistics for this article
Metroeconomica is currently edited by Heinz D. Kurz and Neri Salvadori
More articles in Metroeconomica from Wiley Blackwell
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Wiley Content Delivery ().