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Labour Demand Adjustment: Does Foreign Ownership Matter?

Emmanuel Dhyne (), Catherine Fuss () and Claude Mathieu ()

Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 2015, vol. 77, issue 6, 854-871

Abstract: type="main" xml:id="obes12097-abs-0001">

This paper examines whether multinationals differ in their employment adjustment from domestic companies, using a panel of 5,544 Belgian firms observed between 1998 and 2005. More precisely, we estimate labour adjustment costs by worker and firm types. We propose a new flexible specification that takes into account the role of firm size in adjustment costs. Our results indicate that adjusting white-collar employment is around half as costly for multinational firms (MNFs) as for domestic firms of the same size. The remaining differential in adjustment costs between MNFs and domestic firms might result, among other things, from multinationals' stronger bargaining power.

Date: 2015
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