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Assessing Sampling Error in Pseudo‐Panel Models

Rumman Khan

Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 2021, vol. 83, issue 3, 742-769

Abstract: While pseudo‐panels are useful when only repeated cross‐section data are available, estimates are likely to be attenuated and suffer from sampling error if cell sizes (number of individuals grouped together in a cohort) are too few. However, there is no consensus on how large cell size needs to be, with recommendations ranging from 100 to several thousands. This is due to sampling error being affected by both cell size and three important types of variation in the cohort data (across and within cohorts and over time). We combine these into a single metric, called CAWAR, and demonstrate its relationship to sampling error using Monte Carlo simulations and an empirical application. We produce recommended values for CAWAR beyond which sampling error bias is minimal and from these one can easily calculate the required cell size.

Date: 2021
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Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics is currently edited by Christopher Adam, Anindya Banerjee, Christopher Bowdler, David Hendry, Adriaan Kalwij, John Knight and Jonathan Temple

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