Port Efficiency and Trade Flows
Bruce Blonigen and
Wesley Wilson ()
Review of International Economics, 2008, vol. 16, issue 1, 21-36
Growing international trade and increasing congestion focus attention on trade facilitation. Ocean ports are a central and necessary component in facilitating trade. Yet, there is only limited comprehensive information available on the efficiency of ports or evidence of the effect of port efficiency on trade. We develop and apply a straightforward approach to estimate port efficiency. The approach uses detailed data on US imports and associated import costs, yielding estimates across ports, products, and time. These measures are incorporated into a gravity trade model where we estimate that improved port efficiency significantly increases trade volumes. Copyright © 2008 The Authors; Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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