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Financial dollarization of households and firms: How does it differ by level of economic development?

Juan Corrales and Patrick Imam

Review of International Economics, 2021, vol. 29, issue 4, 927-978

Abstract: Using a newly compiled and comprehensive database from International Financial Statistics, and applying panel‐regression techniques, this paper documents the evolution of households’ and firms’ dollarization over the past decade and assesses its macroeconomic determinants. Households’ and firms’ dollarization have much in common. Structural factors are more relevant than macroeconomic stability. Regarding differences, deposit dollarization, better institutions and lower inflation are relevant for households but not firms, whereas the exchange rate movements seem to play a role only for firms, particularly in higher‐income countries. In terms of loan dollarization, financial deepening is a critical driver for households only.

Date: 2021
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Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:29:y:2021:i:4:p:927-978