The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Exploring a Fresh Specification
Fender Rebecca A (),
Shore Stephen H. () and
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Fender Rebecca A: University of Virginia
Shore Stephen H.: Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, 2005, vol. 4, issue 1, 1-30
The objective of this paper is primarily methodological. Using a new specification, we reanalyze the data on worldwide environmental quality investigated by Gene Grossman and Alan Krueger in their well-known paper on the environmental Kuznets curve (which postulates an inverse U-shaped relationship between income level and pollution). This new specification avoids using nonlinear transformations of potentially nonstationary regressors in panel estimation, which is a major unresolved econometric problem plaguing much of the existing literature. We furthermore draw conclusions from fixed effects estimation, which had eluded Grossman and Krueger. Our estimation results indicate the presence of an EKC for only six of the fourteen pollutants, whereas Grossman and Krueger find support for all but one pollutant.
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Working Paper: The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Exploring a Fresh Specification (2000)
Working Paper: The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Exploring A Fresh Specification (2000)
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