International transmission of productivity shocks with nonzero net foreign debt
Mykhaylova Olena () and
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Mykhaylova Olena: Department of Economics, Robins School of Business, 28 Westhampton Way, University of Richmond, VA 23173, USA
Staveley-O’Carroll James: Economics Department, College of William and Mary, P.O. Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23187, USA
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Olena Staveley-O'Carroll () and
The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, 2014, vol. 14, issue 1, 46
We study the impact of foreign debt on transmission of productivity shocks and on international risk sharing in a two-country DSGE model with incomplete asset markets and deviations from the purchasing power parity. We elucidate two channels through which debt affects international shock transmission. First, changes in domestic output cause fluctuations in the debt-to-GDP ratio and thus affect the risk premium on foreign borrowing. Second, fluctuations in the real exchange rate alter the real value of existing liabilities, generating wealth effects for the consumers in the indebted economy. Together, these two channels help to address the Backus-Smith puzzle by producing a negative consumption-real exchange rate correlation in an environment driven by productivity shocks. Our findings are robust to monetary policy rule specification but depend critically on the currency of debt denomination.
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