The Effects of T-TIP Market Access Reform on EU Beef Import Demand
Amanda Countryman and
Andrew Muhammad ()
Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, 2017, vol. 15, issue 1, 10
Import policies in the European Union have greatly restricted beef imports from all sources. The presence of a binding tariff-rate quota (TRQ) on beef imports in tandem with sanitary and phytosanitary restrictions on biotechnological food products specifically inhibit beef imports from the United States and limit market access in the EU. Potential passage of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership may lead to a loosening of non-tariff measures (NTM) that serve as technical barriers to trade and give rise to the coexistence of hormone and non-hormone beef products in the EU marketplace. This research assesses the potential changes in import demand for beef under a trade agreement that allows for imports of conventional beef as well as an expansion of the existing TRQ in the EU beef import market. Results confirm that EU imports of beef will increase from all sources with an expansion of the TRQ and that elimination of the NTM related to beef production practices leads to an increase in competiveness of U.S. and Australian beef in the EU import market.
Keywords: beef; European Union; imports; non-tariff measure; preferential trade agreement; tariff-rate quota; transatlantic trade and investment partnership; United States (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F13 F17 Q11 Q17 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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