EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

From Fighting Monopolies to Promoting Industry: Patent Laws and Innovation in Sweden 1819–1914

David Andersson () and Tell Fredrik ()
Additional contact information
Tell Fredrik: Uppsala University, Department of Business Studies, Box 513, S-751 20Uppsala, Sweden

Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte / Economic History Yearbook, 2019, vol. 60, issue 1, 123-156

Abstract: In this essay, we trace the evolution of four different patent laws in Sweden; from the first Swedish law of privilegia exclusiva in 1819 to the country becoming only the third country in the world to introduce novelty searches into the law of 1884. We discuss the ensuing contemporary public debates surrounding new proposals for legislation, as well as discernible effects of new patent laws. From being mainly a question about the “tyranny of monopolies” in the early laws to being one of “life and death for Swedish industry” in the subsequent laws, we show how changes in patent legislation resulted in three different types of innovation; technological, market and organizational. The results show that although the early laws implied severe litigation problems and considerably shorter patent terms, an early market for technology emerged as legislation had clearly established that intellectual property could be sold, bought and inherited. Concurrently the law of 1856 created a market for patenting services and patent agencies by requiring the use of Swedish agents by foreign patentees. Finally, foreign patenting increased as restrictions on patentees being non-Swedish citizens were gradually phased out.

Keywords: patent laws; innovation; markets for technology; patent agencies; Sweden; Patentgesetze; Innovation; Märkte für Technologie; Patentagenten; Schweden (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O O O O O (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://doi.org/10.1515/jbwg-2019-0006 (text/html)
For access to full text, subscription to the journal or payment for the individual article is required.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bpj:jbwige:v:60:y:2019:i:1:p:123-156:n:6

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jbwg

DOI: 10.1515/jbwg-2019-0006

Access Statistics for this article

Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte / Economic History Yearbook is currently edited by Dieter Ziegler

More articles in Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte / Economic History Yearbook from De Gruyter
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Peter Golla ().

 
Page updated 2021-05-07
Handle: RePEc:bpj:jbwige:v:60:y:2019:i:1:p:123-156:n:6