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Bayesian state space models for dynamic genetic network construction across multiple tissues

Liang Yulan () and Kelemen Arpad
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Liang Yulan: Department of Family and Community Health, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Kelemen Arpad: Department of Organizational Systems and Adult Health, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA

Statistical Applications in Genetics and Molecular Biology, 2016, vol. 15, issue 4, 273-290

Abstract: Construction of gene-gene interaction networks and potential pathways is a challenging and important problem in genomic research for complex diseases while estimating the dynamic changes of the temporal correlations and non-stationarity are the keys in this process. In this paper, we develop dynamic state space models with hierarchical Bayesian settings to tackle this challenge for inferring the dynamic profiles and genetic networks associated with disease treatments. We treat both the stochastic transition matrix and the observation matrix time-variant and include temporal correlation structures in the covariance matrix estimations in the multivariate Bayesian state space models. The unevenly spaced short time courses with unseen time points are treated as hidden state variables. Hierarchical Bayesian approaches with various prior and hyper-prior models with Monte Carlo Markov Chain and Gibbs sampling algorithms are used to estimate the model parameters and the hidden state variables. We apply the proposed Hierarchical Bayesian state space models to multiple tissues (liver, skeletal muscle, and kidney) Affymetrix time course data sets following corticosteroid (CS) drug administration. Both simulation and real data analysis results show that the genomic changes over time and gene-gene interaction in response to CS treatment can be well captured by the proposed models. The proposed dynamic Hierarchical Bayesian state space modeling approaches could be expanded and applied to other large scale genomic data, such as next generation sequence (NGS) combined with real time and time varying electronic health record (EHR) for more comprehensive and robust systematic and network based analysis in order to transform big biomedical data into predictions and diagnostics for precision medicine and personalized healthcare with better decision making and patient outcomes.

Keywords: Affymetrix time course data; corticosteroid treatment; dynamic genetic network; hierarchical Bayesian approach; multivariate state space model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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DOI: 10.1515/sagmb-2014-0055

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