Performance Determinants in Undergraduate Economics Classes: The Effect of Cognitive Reflection
Alexei Orlov and
Additional contact information
John Roufagalas: Radford University
International Review of Economic Education, 2012, vol. 11, issue 2, 28-45
Economics classes claim to develop students' "analytical" abilities and "problem-solving" skills. Assessment of such claims is rather difficult, since it requires measurement of advanced thinking processes. Aptitude tests, such as the SAT, ACT (standardised tests for college admissions in the U.S.), and GRE (a standardised test for post-graduate admissions), purport to provide measures of such processes, but their questions refer to relatively simple thinking processes. Frederick (2005) has developed the "Cognitive Reflection Test" (CRT) to measure human ability to think deeper. The test contains questions whose apparent answers are incorrect and therefore further reflection is needed to arrive at the correct answers. Many economic problems fall into such a category. Our results suggest that CRT scores are higher and have a significant positive effect on exam performance in upper-level economics classes. In these classes, students with the highest CRT score outperform, on average, students with the lowest CRT score by more than half a letter grade, everything else the same.
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://www.economicsnetwork.ac.uk/sites/default/f ... agalas%2C%2011.2.pdf (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:che:ireepp:v:11:y:2012:i:2:p:28-45
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
More articles in International Review of Economic Education from Economics Network, University of Bristol University of Bristol, BS8 1HH, United Kingdom. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Martin Poulter ().