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The Effects of World War II Military Service: Evidence from Australia

Alex Cousley, Peter Siminski and Simon Ville ()

The Journal of Economic History, 2017, vol. 77, issue 3, 838-865

Abstract: Outside of the United States, few studies have estimated the effects of World War II service. In Australia, general war-time conscription and minimal involvement in the Korean War led to large cohort differences in military service rates, which we use for identification. We find a small, temporary negative effect on employment and a substantial positive effect on post-school qualifications, but not at the university level. While service increased home ownership slightly, it greatly reduced outright home ownership, consistent with the incentives provided by veterans' housing benefits. We also find a positive effect on marriage, but only from 1971.

Date: 2017
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