Structural Change and Economic Growth in the British Economy before the Industrial Revolution, 1500â€“1800
Patrick Wallis (),
Justin Colson and
David Chilosi ()
The Journal of Economic History, 2018, vol. 78, issue 3, 862-903
Structural transformation is a key indicator of economic development. We present the first time series of male labor sectoral shares for England and Wales before 1800, using a large sample of probate and apprenticeship data to produce national- and county-level estimates. England experienced a rapid decline in the share of workers in agriculture between the early seventeenth and the beginning of the eighteenth centuries, associated with rising agricultural and especially industrial productivity; Wales saw few changes. Our results show that England experienced unusually early structural change and highlight the mid-seventeenth century as a turning point.
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