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Is Value Added Tax (VAT) Reform in India Poverty Improving? An Analysis Of Data From Five Major States

Poulomi Roy (), Ajitava Raychaudhuri () and Sudip Kumar Sinha
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Sudip Kumar Sinha: Ministry of Finance, Government of West Bengal, Kolkata, India, Postal: Commercial Taxes, Bureau of Investigation, Department of Finance (Revenue), Ministry of, Finance, Government of West Bengal, Kolkata 700072, India

Indian Economic Review, 2010, vol. 45, issue 1, 131-158

Abstract: Value Added Tax (VAT) as introduced in India at state level from April 1, 2005 is widely acclaimed to be a better system than the sales tax on grounds of efficiency. However policy makers did not consider its impact on the distribution of income. Considering both the distributive and efficiency criteria we search for a poverty reducing direction of VAT reform in India. Conclusions reached from five major states in India, namely Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and West Bengal suggest that VAT reform is not largely poverty reducing. Further scopes of improvement in its design are observed.

Keywords: Value Added Tax; Poverty; Marginal Efficiency; Cost of Funds; Consumption (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D12 D63 H21 H22 H71 I32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010
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