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Civil Liberties and Access to Water: Analysis of 193 Countries

Jennis Biser () and Jeffrey Edwards

Applied Econometrics and International Development, 2012, vol. 12, issue 1

Abstract: We argue that civil liberties enhance voice and accountability, thereby placing political pressure on a country’s leaders; therefore, countries with greater respect for civil liberties will have a larger percentage of the population with access to an improved water source. We find that a one-level improvement in civil liberties translates into about a 2.5% increase in the population in rural areas with access to water; this result does not hold for urban centers. The dichotomy between the results may simply be an issue related to the data.

Keywords: Public Goods; Institutions; Civil Liberties; Water; Infrastructure (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H44 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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