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Globalization and infectious diseases: Evidence on the reproduction rate of the COVID-19 pandemic

Tuan Luong () and Thu hang Nguyen ()
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Tuan Luong: De Montfort University
Thu hang Nguyen: Foreign Trade University

Economics Bulletin, 2020, vol. 40, issue 2, 1675-1685

Abstract: In this paper we investigated the impact of globalization on infectious diseases and found that export values contributed greatly to the reproduction rate of the COVID-19 outbreak. We collected the number of new cases and deaths from the Worldometer and trade data from the International Trade Center. Our sample covered more than 100 countries. In addition, we applied the epidemiology model, namely the SIR model, to relate globalization to the infection rate. Our results indicated that high export values contributed to high infection rate, especially among high income countries. Finally the impacts were not identical across sectors: they ranged from positive in some sectors to insignificant and even negative in others.

Keywords: Covid-19; globalization; infectious diseases; reproduction rate; SIR model. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I1 F1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-06-18
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