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Hours worked in the euro area

Vasco Botelho, Agostino Consolo and António Dias Da Silva

Economic Bulletin Articles, 2021, vol. 6

Abstract: This article analyses the evolution of hours worked per worker in the euro area, in the light of their relevance for the labour contribution to the production of goods and services and for the capacity of the labour market to adjust to macroeconomic developments. Annual hours worked per worker in the euro area have been on a downward trend. Between 1995 and 2019, they declined by more than a hundred hours per worker, from 1,681 to 1,476. Most of this decline results from a rising share of part-time work which in turn can mainly be explained by the increasing labour force participation of women. Labour supply factors have a clear impact as most people working part-time do so voluntarily. Hours worked per worker also play an important role in the adjustment of the labour market during cyclical downturns, as some firms choose to reduce hours per worker to protect employment. This feature is an important factor in assessing the strength of the labour market during subsequent recoveries. JEL Classification: E24, E32, J22

Keywords: female participation; Hours worked per worker; part-time work (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-09
Note: 3572376
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