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Wage developments and their determinants since the start of the pandemic

Katalin Bodnár, Eduardo Gonçalves, Lucyna Gόrnicka and Gerrit Koester

Economic Bulletin Articles, 2023, vol. 8

Abstract: This article discusses wage developments and the main factors that have influenced them since the start of the pandemic. First, it reviews developments in a broad range of wage measures for the euro area and discusses their current usefulness as signals of wage pressures. In this context, it illustrates how the growth of compensation per employee was adjusted for the impact of job retention schemes. Second, the article looks at how wage developments have differed across sectors, reflecting the heterogeneous impact of the pandemic shock. Finally, it discusses the impact of inflation on purchasing power of wage incomes and real wage costs in the euro area by examining developments in real consumer and producer wages for the economy as a whole and in its main sectors. JEL Classification: E24, E31, J30, J31, J38

Keywords: consumer wages; COVID-19; producer wages; wage growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023-01
Note: 2881411
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