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Self-Leadership and Empowering Leadership in a Western Balkan Context

Peter Nientied and Merita Toska
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Peter Nientied: Independent researcher, Rotterdam, the Netherlands and Research Fellow, Polis University, Tirana, Albania
Merita Toska: Co-PLAN Institute for Habitat Development, Tirana, Albania and Polis University, Tirana, Albania.

International Review of Management and Marketing, 2021, vol. 11, issue 1, 36-47

Abstract: In to-day’s dynamic business world, a trend is towards more flexible organisations with enhanced autonomy and self-leadership of employees and teams. This study introduces the concepts of self-leadership and empowering leadership in the Western Balkans. The study measures employed professionals’ views of self-leadership and experienced empowering leadership. Special attention is given to possible differences in views by gender and by professionals with / without a leadership role. Two instruments are applied, the Revised Self-Leadership Questionnaire and the Empowering Leadership Survey (n=265). Subsequently interviews were conducted with 10 company directors to generate their viewpoints and experiences of self-leadership and empowering leadership. Results show correlations between self-leadership and empowering leadership and show differences between men’s and women’s reports. The study also notes that better understanding the potential of empowering leadership leading to more self-leadership demands another type of research. A discussion of the study and suggestions for future research conclude the article.

Keywords: self-leadership; empowering leadership; self-management; Western Balkans; Albania (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: M12 M19 M54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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