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APPROACHING MEDICAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH BY THE INTERVIEW METHOD

Oprea-Valentin Busu, Cristina Andrei and Mihai-Narcis Popescu
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Oprea-Valentin Busu: University of Craiova, Romania
Cristina Andrei: University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania
Mihai-Narcis Popescu: University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania

Annals of the University of Craiova, Series Psychology, Pedagogy, 2019, vol. 40, issue 2, 61-70

Abstract: The current medical practice is no longer limited as in the past strictly to the application of curative treatment. It focuses on the information provided by the patient, the way s/he describes the symptoms, as well as the patient's wishes regarding the results of the treatment to be applied. The patient's perception of the medical record is especially important because it guides the doctor in choosing an appropriate treatment plan, but it also helps him/her adopt a behaviour that is shaped by the patient's temperament and personality. Establishing the medical history is the first step to be taken during the first visit to the medical centre, it is necessary to be renewed yearly, because changes can occur both in the systemic health plan and at the psycho-sociobehavioral level. Achieving this through the interview is an effective method of psychoanalysis, having a number of advantages, including: the analysis of the verbal and non-verbal communication of the patient, the strengthening of the doctor-patient relationship through the active exchange of information, flexibility. However, for a good accuracy of the information collected after the interview it is recommended to combine it with the questionnaire method. The combination of the two methods has the role of eliminating the subjectivism that can arise during the discussions and has the advantage of giving the clinician the possibility to build a database that can be accessed by both the medical staff and the patient.

Keywords: Psychoanalysis; Interview method; Psychotherapy; History; Clinical research. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Annals of the University of Craiova, Series Psychology, Pedagogy is currently edited by Florentina MOGONEA and Alexandrina Mihaela POPESCU

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