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Short-term effects of temperature and COD in a microbial fuel cell

A. Gonzalez del Campo, J. Lobato, P. Cañizares, M.A. Rodrigo and F.J. Fernandez Morales

Applied Energy, 2013, vol. 101, issue C, 213-217

Abstract: In this work, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and temperature stress-tests on a microbial fuel cell (MFC) were studied. Regarding the temperature stress-test, its value was cyclically modified between 20 and 40°C with stepwise increments of 5°C. The main result was an exponentially increase in the current intensity generated. In these tests, no hysteresis was observed, indicating that the temperature stress-test did not modify the behaviour of the MFC used in this work. To study the response of the system under COD stress conditions, the influent COD concentration was stepwise modified from the steady-state value, 100mgCODL−1, to 3000mgCODL−1 and later was reduced stepwise again to 100mgCODL−1. In these test, it was observed that the higher the COD concentration, the higher the intensity generated. The electricity yield was an almost constant value of 6.7×10−6Amg−1COD removed per hour. In these tests, hysteresis was observed for the reverse scan, and a hysteresis loop was traced. To study how long the hysteresis lasts, several stress-tests were carried out during one week, and it was observed that the hysteresis was maintained for only 2days. After that, the system recovered the initial behaviour.

Keywords: Microbial fuel cell; Stress test; Temperature; COD; Electricity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:101:y:2013:i:c:p:213-217