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Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide at low overpotential on a polyaniline/Cu2O nanocomposite based electrode

Andrews Nirmala Grace, Song Yi Choi, Mari Vinoba, Margandan Bhagiyalakshmi, Dae Hyun Chu, Yeoil Yoon, Sung Chan Nam and Soon Kwan Jeong

Applied Energy, 2014, vol. 120, issue C, 85-94

Abstract: The electrochemical reduction of CO2 using Cu2O nanoparticle decorated polyaniline matrix (PANI/Cu2O) in 0.1M tetrabutylammonium perchlorate (TBAP) and methanol electrolyte was investigated under ambient conditions. The experiment was carried out in a divided H-type two-compartment cell with a Nafion membrane as diaphragm separating the cathodic and anodic compartments. The catalyst was synthesized electrochemically as a thin film by using cyclic voltammetry and constant current mode deposition technique. The as-fabricated electrode was analyzed with various techniques to probe the nature and composition of the nanoparticles deposited onto the polyaniline matrix, which confirmed the presence of well-defined Cu (I) species in the film. The reduction of CO2 was carried out at various polarization potentials; the main products were formic and acetic acid with faradaic efficiencies of 30.4% and 63.0% at a polarization potential of −0.3V vs. SCE (sat. KCl). A possible reduction pathway is through the formation of Had atoms and subsequent transfer to CO2 through the polymer film to form the products. An appreciable efficiency was achieved in the formation of formic acid and acetic acid with the developed catalyst.

Keywords: Electrochemical CO2 reduction; Polyaniline; Cu2O; H-Type cell; Membrane cell; Faradaic efficiency (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:120:y:2014:i:c:p:85-94