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Discrete-event simulation of an information-based raw material allocation process for increasing the efficiency of an energy wood supply chain

Johannes Windisch, Kari Väätäinen, Perttu Anttila, Mikko Nivala, Juha Laitila, Antti Asikainen and Lauri Sikanen

Applied Energy, 2015, vol. 149, issue C, 315-325

Abstract: Transportation distance, moisture content of the raw material and volume per storage are crucial factors for the economy of forest biomass supply operations from roadside to plant. The present study investigated the current process for raw material allocation in a case study in Eastern Finland and compared it to a newly developed process which is based on the previously mentioned factors with the aim of increasing the energy output during the peak period. It applied discrete-event simulation to assess the effects on productivity of a supply chain consisting of two truck-trailer combinations and a large-scale chipper, economically analyzed the results and compared the current practice to the information-based approach.

Keywords: Drying models; Logging residues; Forest biomass; Process improvement; Logistics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:149:y:2015:i:c:p:315-325