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Changes in CO2 emissions over business cycle recessions and expansions in the United States: A decomposition analysis

Md. Shahiduzzaman and Allan Layton

Applied Energy, 2015, vol. 150, issue C, 25-35

Abstract: This paper examines the asymmetry of changes in CO2 emissions over business cycle recessions and expansions using yearly data from 1949 and monthly data from 1973 for the United States (US). In addition, decomposition analysis is applied to investigate the relative roles of various proximate contributing factors to observed changes in total and per capita CO2 emissions and emissions intensity, over business cycle phases. The results suggest, inter alia, that aggregate emissions and emissions intensity reduce much faster in contractions than they increase in expansions. In addition, unlike the three previous expansions, in the most recent post-GFC US expansion, emissions per capita have continued to decline, and at a rate very similar to the rate of reduction in preceding contractions. This suggests the real possibility that the most recent contraction may have had an ongoing impact on the path of per capita emissions well beyond the immediate impact experienced during the contraction itself.

Keywords: CO2 emissions; Business cycle; Decomposition analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:150:y:2015:i:c:p:25-35