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Design under uncertainty of carbon capture and storage infrastructure considering cost, environmental impact, and preference on risk

Suh-Young Lee, Jae-Uk Lee, In-Beum Lee and Jeehoon Han

Applied Energy, 2017, vol. 189, issue C, 725-738

Abstract: We present a stochastic decision-making algorithm for the design and operation of a carbon capture and storage (CCS) network; the algorithm incorporates the decision-maker’s tolerance of risk caused by uncertainties. Given a set of available resources to capture, store, and transport CO2, the algorithm provides an optimal plan of the CCS infrastructure and a CCS assessment method, while minimizing annual cost, environmental impact, and risk under uncertainties. The model uses the concept of downside risk to explicitly incorporate the trade-off between risk and either economic or environmental objectives at the decision-making level. A two-phase-two-stage stochastic multi-objective optimization problem (2P2SSMOOP) solving approach is implemented to consider uncertainty, and the ε-constraint method is used to evaluate the interaction between total annual cost with financial risk and an Eco-indicator 99 score with environmental risk. The environmental impact is measured by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) considering all contributions made by operation and installation of a CCS infrastructure. A case study of power-plant CO2 emission in Korea is presented to illustrate the application of the proposed modeling and solution method.

Keywords: CCS; Optimization; Life Cycle Assessment; Stochastic model; Downside risk (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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